Naacp Legal Defense Fund Death Row Usa

The Legal Defense Fund is the leading American legal organization fighting for racial justice. As of 1 January 2021, 34.3% (867 persons) of death row inmates or those facing capital punishment were in states where executions were subject to a moratorium. Subtracting death row inmates in moratorium states and those whose death sentences have been overturned, the LDF calculated that there were currently 1,478 enforceable sentences. 1,050 death sentences are currently not enforceable, either because the death penalty has been quashed or because the prisoner is in a state where there is a moratorium on executions. This represents 41.5 per cent of all active cases in which a death sentence has been imposed. California`s death row was again the largest in the country with 708 prisoners, followed by Florida (345), Texas (207) and Alabama (170). North Carolina (141) and Ohio (138) moved into fifth and sixth place, overtaking Pennsylvania, whose death row count fell to 135. The NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund (LDF) clearly believes that the death penalty is a cruel and unusual punishment and that its administration is full of mistakes that violate the 8th and 14th Amendments to the Constitution. Although many states have come to the same conclusion, the U.S. Department of Justice announced today that it will resume federal executions by lethal injection after a 16-year hiatus.

On September 29, 2020, BJS published Capital Punishment, 2018 – Statistical Tables, which shows that death row in the United States has declined for 18 consecutive years from 2001 to 2018. Two days later, on 1. In October 2020, LDF followed suit with the publication of the Summer 2020 issue of Death Row USA, which indicated that fewer people in the United States were on death row or at risk of reintroducing the death penalty than at any time since April 1992. Death Row USA reported that there were 2,591 people in the United States. With death row inmates or those at risk of reintroducing a death row on 1 July 2020, the lowest number since the organization`s death row count in spring 1992 left 2,588 death row inmates or at risk of upset. This is a decrease of 29 since the beginning of the year and 65 (2.4%) compared to July 1, 2019. Sam Spital, LDF`s General Counsel, said: “What LDF`s founder and Supreme Court Justice at the time, Thurgood Marshall, said in his statement in Furman remains true today: we must recognize the humanity of our fellow citizens, including those who have committed unspeakable crimes, because by recognizing the humanity of others, We pay each other the greatest tribute. We must remain a country that embraces fundamental principles, cultivates its constitutional heritage and rejects simple solutions that undermine the values that underpin our democratic system. Racial discrimination in the administration of the death penalty by the State also exists at the federal level. Currently, 55% of death row inmates are black, Latino, Asian or Native American.

In addition, many people sentenced to death are themselves victims of insufficient representation in their trials. In the fourth quarter of 2020, the number of people on death row or facing potential capital punishment decreased by 25, compared to a total of 2,553 as of October 1. Pennsylvania led the decline with seven in the three-month period. According to the LDF, 893 people have been sentenced to death or have been subject to a moratorium on executions in the three states – California, Pennsylvania and Oregon – representing 34.5% of the country`s death row. That left 1,517 prisoners in 25 states, or 58.5 percent of death row, with LDF death sentences classified as active and enforceable. LDF listed 92 fewer people in its DRUSA Winter 2021 report than in the January 1, 2020 death row count, a 3.5 percent year-on-year drop. The largest decreases were recorded in California and Pennsylvania, where the number of death row inmates decreased by 17 and 12 prisoners respectively, without executions. Nineteen California death row inmates died in 2020, including 13 from COVID-19. In Pennsylvania, three death row prisoners were acquitted and nine others were sentenced to life in prison or less. The number of active U.S. death row prisoners also declined slightly in the second quarter of 2020. An analysis of the number of LDF death row inmates by the Death Penalty Information Centre revealed that 225 people whose convictions or death sentences had been quashed were awaiting a retrial, a new trial or an appeal finding.

That left 2,366 prisoners at risk of active death row, the second consecutive quarter in which the number of active death sentences fell by seven. Fifty-four fewer prisoners (a decrease of 2.2%) were sentenced to active death compared to 2,420 on death row on 1 July 2019. Since its inception, the LDF has opposed the death penalty for all, regardless of race. One of the LDF`s historic victories came in 1972, when the Supreme Court ruled in its favour and declared unconstitutional the death penalty imposed at the time in Furman v. Georgia. BJS also reported that the average time between a death sentence and an execution in 2018 was 19 years and 12 months, compared to 20 years and 3 months, but still the second longest since executions resumed in the United States in 1977. The number of death row inmates in the United States has steadily declined since its peak in July 2001, when 3,717 people were on death row or at risk of unrest in the capital. The figures for January 2021 are 32.0% below this peak. Whether imposed by the federal or state government, the death penalty is flawed with fundamental flaws, including persistent racial discrimination and human error, which have resulted in the death sentences of 160 innocent people since 1973. There is no credible evidence that the death penalty deters crime. Lisa Cylar Barrett, LDF`s director of policy, worries about the timing of action: “The system that determines whether someone lives or dies is broken – and innocent people have been sentenced to death.