10 Commandments 613 Laws

Although the number 613 is mentioned in the Talmud, its true meaning increased in later medieval rabbinical literature, including many works that listed or ordered mitzvot. The most famous of these was a list of Maimonides` 613 commandments. Moshe ben Maimon was a scholar of scripture in the 12th century.1 Commonly referred to as Maimonides or “the Rambam” (pronounced RAHM bahm), he was the first to document the commandments given in the Bible. Some of us view the Ten Commandments as a summary of biblical theology and ethics, and even view the commandments as a table of contents for the rest of the mitzvot. Rabbi Fohrman explores this concept by dissecting the levels of meaning hidden in the structure of the Ten Commandments and discovers some fundamental principles for the many lessons of the Torah. The structure of the tablets is intended to convey a deeper meaning about the core values of the Torah than the content of the Ten Commandments alone conveys. Below are the 613 commandments and the source of their derivation from the Hebrew Bible as listed by Maimonides: Many Jewish philosophical and mystical works (for example, by Baal HaTurim, the Maharal of Prague, and the leaders of Hasidic Judaism) find inspiring allusions and calculations regarding the number of commandments. Essentially, the smallest event between Moses and God at the burning bush is “doubled” when God reveals Himself to the entire Israelite nation and gives them ten, not just five, commandments. What can we learn from these parallels? Rabbi Fohrman seeks meaningful answers by exploring the links between the burning bush and the Ten Commandments. The 613 commandments include “positive commandments” to perform an action (mitzvot aseh), and “negative commandments” to abstain from certain actions (mitzvot lo taaseh). The negative commandments are the number 365, which coincides with the number of days in the solar year, and the positive commandments number 248, a number attributed to the number of bones and main organs in the human body.

[2] Ultimately, however, the concept of the 613 Commandments prevailed as normative among observant Jews, and today it is still common to refer to the global system of commandments in the Torah as the “613 Commandments,” even among those who do not literally accept it as accurate. [Citation needed] The 613 refers to the 613 Jewish commandments (mitzvot in Hebrew) taken from the Old Testament. This huge work by Archie Rand contains a painting for each of the 613 mitzvot. The Talmud notes that the Hebrew numerical value (gematria) of the word Torah is 611, and the combination of the commandments of Moses 611 with the first two of the Ten Commandments, which were the only ones heard directly by God, gives 613. [7] The Talmud attributes the number 613 to Rabbi Simlai, but other classical ways that support this view are Rabbi Simeon ben Azzai[8] and Rabbi Eleazar ben Yose of the Galileans. [9] He is quoted in Midrash Shemot Rabbah 33:7, Bamidbar Rabbah 13:15-16; 18:21 and Talmud Yevamot 47b. The commandment to honor your father and mother seems to interfere with what would otherwise be a perfect division in the Ten Commandments between the commandments concerning our relationship with God and our relationships with others. Many scholars attempt to explain this apparent bias by pointing out the parallels between our relationship with God and our parents: God and our parents are both partners in our creation, so it is appropriate that the commandment concerning parents be included in the “God`s Commandments” section. Below is a list of the 613 mitzvot (commandments).

It is mainly based on the rambam list compiled in the Mishneh Torah, but I have also consulted other sources. As I said on the Halakha page, Rambam`s list is probably the most used list, but it`s not the only one. The order is mine, as are the explanations of how certain rules are derived from certain passages of the Bible. Moreover, the relationship with God and the relationship with one`s parents are “unequal.” There is an inherent hierarchy between parents and children and between God and His creations. When we look at these angles, the Ten Commandments model is not disturbed at all. The first five commandments concern our relations with the higher powers, while the second five commandments concern our relations with equals – in other words, vertical and horizontal relations. Even when the rabbis tried to compile a list of the 613 commandments, they encountered a number of difficulties: there is not a single final list that explains the 613 commandments. The lists differ, for example, in how they interpret passages of the Torah that can be read to deal with multiple cases under a single law or several separate laws.

Other “commandments” in the Torah are limited as one-off acts and would not be considered “mitzvot” that bind other people. In rabbinic literature, rishonim and later scholars wrote to articulate and justify their enumeration of the commandments:[17] The tzitzit (“knotted fringes”) of the tallit (“headscarf [praying]”) are related by interpretation to the 613 commandments: the main torah commentator, Rashi, bases the number of knots on a gematria: the word tzitzit (Hebrew: ציצת (biblical), ציצית, in its Mishnashion spelling) is set to 600. Each acorn has eight threads (if doubled) and five sets of nodes, for a total of 13. The sum of all numbers is 613. This reflects the concept that putting on a garment with tzitzit reminds its wearer of all the commandments of the Torah. [10] Although this is widely discussed among scholars, one possible answer lies in the above interpretation of the first commandment. The commandment is not only to believe in God as a statement of reality, but to recognize God; That is, the first of the commandments reminds us to welcome God into our lives and build a relationship with Him, even if it is difficult. Although the Bible actually has 613 commandments, the Ten Commandments (עשרת הדברות), also known as the Decalogue or Aseret HaDibrot (Ten Proverbs) in Hebrew, have always held a unique place in Jewish practice. The Torah tells us that God gave the Ten Commandments to the Israelite nation when they gathered at Mount Sinai to receive the Torah, an event we remember on Shavuot. 1. Know that there is a God.

(Exodus 20:2) 2. Having no other gods. (Exodus 20:3) 3. Know that He is one. (Deuteronomy 6:4) 4. Love him. (Deuteronomy 6:5) 5. Fear it. (Deuteronomy 10:20) 6. Sanctify His name. (Leviticus 22:32) 7.

Do not desecrate his name. (Leviticus 22:32) 8. Worship Him as He commanded, and not destroy sacred objects. (Deuteronomy 12:4) 9. Listen to the true prophet. (Deuteronomy 18:15)10. Do not test the prophet. (Deuteronomy 6:16)11. To imitate his mannerisms. (Deuteronomy 28:9)12. To be with those who only worship Him.

(Deuteronomy 10:20)13. Love your neighbor as yourself. (Leviticus 19:18)14. Loving is converted. (Deuteronomy 10:19)15. Don`t hate your brother in your heart. (Leviticus 19:17)16. To reprimand your brother if necessary.

(Leviticus 19:17)17. Do not embarrass others. (Leviticus 19:17)18. Do not remove the weak. (Exodus 22:21)19. Do not be slandered. (Leviticus 19:16)20. Do not take revenge. (Leviticus 19:18)21. Don`t blame it. (Leviticus 19:18)22. Teach your children the Torah.

(Deuteronomy 6:7)23. Respect and submit to the elders. (Leviticus 19:32)24. Do not turn to the ways of idolatry. (Leviticus 19:4)25. Let the fringes of your clothes remind you to behave purely. (Numbers 15:39)26. Do not blaspheme or curse a judge. (Exodus 22:27).27 Do not worship idols.

(Exodus 20:5).28 Do not bow to idols. (Exodus 20:5)29. Do not make an idol. (Exodus 20:4)30. Do not take or throw away a photo. (Leviticus 19:4)31. Do not make gods out of silver or gold. (Exodus 20:20)32. Do not make a popular idolatry.

(Exodus 23:13)33. Destroy a city that has turned to idolatry. (Deuteronomy 13:17)34. Not to rebuild this city. (Deuteronomy 13:17)35. In order not to enjoy this city. (Deuteronomy 13:18)36. Do not proselytize to a person with idolatry. (Deuteronomy 13:12)37. Not loving the missionary. (Deuteronomy 13:9)38.

Don`t stop hating him. (Deuteronomy 13:9)39. Not to save him. (Deuteronomy 13:9)40. Do not speak in his defense. (Deuteronomy 13:9)41. Do not give up on overwhelming him. (Deuteronomy 13:9)42. Do not prophesy in idolatry. (Deuteronomy 18:20)43. Ignoring the false prophet.

(Deuteronomy 13:4).44 Do not prophesy falsely in the name of God. (Deuteronomy 18:20)45. Don`t be afraid to kill a false prophet. (Deuteronomy 18:22)46. Never swear in the name of an idol. (Exodus 23:13)47.